Sexuality and mental health

The experiences you have because of your sexuality can impact your mental health. Here's some information to help you get the support you deserve.

What is sexuality?

Your sexuality is the way you describe sexual, emotional and physical feelings or attractions you have towards another person. You may be attracted to people of the same gender, or a different gender, or you might not experience sexual attraction at all. These are all things which make up your sexuality - it is about more than just who you have sex with.

It is important to remember that there is no ‘right’ or ‘wrong’ sexuality; it is simply about how you personally identify and experience attraction. There are lots of different ways people may identify their sexuality:

  • asexual/ace/aromantic: someone who experiences little or no sexual attraction to others, or interest in sexual relationships or behaviour
  • bisexual/bi: main attraction towards more than one gender
  • gay: a person who is mostly attracted to people of the same gender
  • heterosexual/straight: someone whose main attraction is towards people of a different gender
  • lesbian: someone who identifies as female and is mostly attracted to others who identify as female.
  • pansexual/pan: a person who has feelings/attraction for people of all gender identities
  • queer: A term used to describe a wide range of gender identities and sexualities that are not heterosexual or cisgender. It can mean different things to different people.
  • demisexual: someone who experiences little or no sexual attraction until romantic feelings develop

For a fuller list of different terms, visit Stonewall.

You may describe your sexuality using one of these terms, or a different term, or none at all. It’s completely your choice and what feels right for you.

my queerness is valid @beeillustrates.png
You are valid.
Elia, Activist

How might sexuality impact your mental health?

Having any particular sexual orientation does not mean you have a mental health problem. But the experiences you have because of your sexuality can impact your mental health. Sometimes, people are bullied, treated differently or badly because of their sexuality. You might be made to feel different from those around you, or might have friends or family who don’t understand or support your sexuality.

Society may treat you differently, not understand your sexuality, or not accept it. There may be places where you don’t feel safe or comfortable. These are all experiences or feelings that can leave you feeling upset, worried or isolated.

You may not have experienced these things directly yourself, but have witnessed or heard of people being treated badly because of their sexuality. Understandably, this might make you feel afraid of sharing your sexuality with others, especially if it’s for the first time.

You might experience:

  • feeling different from other people, like you don’t fit in
  • being stereotyped or put in a certain ‘box’
  • prejudice about your sexuality
  • bullying, or being treated differently by others
  • not feeling safe to show affection to your partner in public
  • feeling ‘invisible’ because you may not have role models or people around you who share similar feelings and experiences
  • not having support from - or not being accepted by - those closest to you, like friends or family
  • people mislabelling your sexuality

Remember: It is illegal for people to treat you differently because of your sexuality. Find out more about your rights under the Equality Act 2010

lgbtqia rights are human rights @hellomynameiswednesday.png

Having negative experiences, or seeing others being discriminated against or mistreated because of their sexuality on the news, in the media or in public, can be extremely upsetting and distressing. As a result you may feel:

  • scared about coming out and what people might say or how they might react
  • that you need to hide your sexuality
  • under pressure to label your sexuality when you may not be sure or not want to
  • confused about your sexuality
  • that you need to change your sexuality and be someone you’re not
  • self-conscious around others
  • difficulty meeting new people as you might feel like you need to come out every time you meet someone new
  • lonely and isolated

Whether you have these experiences one time, or on a regular basis, it can have an impact on your mental health and how you think and feel about yourself. You may find yourself feeling down, anxious or isolated. Constantly carrying these emotions can be exhausting, and you may have difficulty concentrating or trouble doing everyday tasks like eating or sleeping. But there are steps you can take to get the help and support you deserve.

No one deserves to be treated differently because of their sexuality, and you should be able to live freely and without fear. In recent years, society has come a long way in ensuring there is equality for LGBTQIA+ people with laws such as the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act. While there is still much more to be done, it can be helpful to remember there are people working hard every day to create a more equal society.

Even if you feel alone, support is not necessarily far away.
Elia, Activist

What you can do to look after your mental health

you are not alone @teabag.cartoon.png

Here are some things that you can do to look after your mental health:


Talking to somebody you trust about how you’re feeling and what you’ve experienced can really help. You could talk to close friends, family, parents, a teacher you get on with, a counsellor or mentor. You might not know exactly what to say and that’s okay. Talking to someone can help you to understand how you feel, and helps people around you think about how they can support you.

Write it down

If you don’t feel comfortable talking to anyone or you’re not sure what you want to say, writing your thoughts down can help. You could also write down positive quotes or messages that help you feel good and stick them up in your living space so that you can look at them each day.

Some people may also like to write down their feelings in a journal or as a letter and give that to someone they trust.
Ani, Activist

Find your ‘safe spaces’

Finding a ‘safe space’ where you can focus on your mental health can help you switch off and feel calm. This could be a local LGBTQIA+ group in your community, at school, or online. Or your ‘safe space’ could be a hobby that you enjoy doing, a favourite show you enjoy watching, or a chat with a friend who makes you feel safe.

Create boundaries to prioritise your mental health

Sometimes conversations can be uncomfortable. If you start to feel uncomfortable or trapped in a situation, simply walking away can help create a boundary for you. If you can, remove yourself from whoever is upsetting you so that you can take a moment to breathe and calm your thoughts.

If things are difficult at home, see our blog on how to look after your mental health in a difficult living environment.

If you feel unsafe and you’re at risk you can:

  • report a Hate Crime:
  • text the YoungMinds Crisis Messenger for free 24/7 support across the UK if you are experiencing a mental health crisis. If you need urgent help, text YM to 85258.
  • call Childline for free to speak to someone about what's happening and how you're feeling.
  • call 999 if you are in an emergency and there is risk to life (either your own or another person’s)
you are important you are loved @fightthatpatriarchy credit.png

Find role models

There are lots of people, whether they are people you know or influencers online, that can help you to feel positive and empowered. It can help to see other people like you who are going through a similar journey.

Clean your social media feed

If you are seeing things online that make you feel upset or pressured, remember you can mute, block or unfollow accounts that bring you down. Taking breaks from social media can really help too – so try deleting your apps for a weekend and seeing if it helps. For more tips on how to have positive time online take a look at our social media and mental health page.

Tips from our Activists

Our Activists share their advice on sexuality and how they look after their mental health.

No matter how much you convince yourself that you're alone and have no one, you are not alone. There are people that care about you and accept you for who you are.
Ani, Activist
You will have friends to support you - and those are the people who you should really care about.
You don't need to have it all figured out right now. There's no reason to force yourself into a box you don't think fits. Take your time.
Ryan, Activist
Some things that help is having at least one person to talk to, a friend or even an adult - one person who can listen to you and/or advise you.
Ani, Activist
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Talking about your sexuality with others

Sharing your sexuality with others for the first time is often called ‘coming out’. It can feel scary or daunting to talk about your sexuality for the first time with someone, especially if you aren’t sure what they’ll say or how they’ll react.

If you’re nervous about how someone might respond, you could try asking them for their thoughts on an LGBTQIA+ topic first. This might help you understand their thoughts better, and get a feeling for whether they’re likely to be supportive.

Before you have the conversation, consider what your boundaries are, e.g. how much you do and don’t want to share. Writing down what you are going to say first can also help if you are feeling nervous. You might want to consider an ‘exit plan’ too – a way to remove yourself from the conversation if you start to feel uncomfortable or unsafe.

It’s okay if people don’t understand; it just means you can enlighten and teach them.
Jessa, Activist

Dhyana’s story: My mental health while questioning my sexuality

My personal experience, in all honesty, has not been straightforward. There has been a lot of questioning in my life around my sexuality, and I’m still not sure.

I worry that not knowing where I belong within the LGBTQ+ community means that I won’t be accepted. This worries me because it doesn’t leave many places where I feel like I belong, which can affect my mood.

I really began questioning my sexuality over this past year and a half, and this has had a big impact on my mental health due to all the uncertainty and anxiety. But I have managed to keep going by looking at people that inspire me. They in their own way have shown me that a little of self-love goes a long way. Taking time for yourself every now and then is so important when struggling with mental health.

To continue reading Dhyana’s story, visitLooking after my mental whilst questioning my sexuality’.

For more advice and tips on sexuality and mental health, look at our blogs:

What if I don't want to come out?

Some people find it really empowering to speak about their sexuality, whereas others might not want to. Sometimes, you may feel pressure to ‘come out’, and feel that others have a right to know your sexuality when you don’t want to share or you’re not ready. Or, it may not be safe for you to come out if you’re not sure about how someone will react.

Remember, it’s okay not to share your sexuality if you don’t want to; you have no obligation to and it’s up to you who you talk to. Whether you’re inviting people to know about your sexuality or not, everyone’s experience is different, and they are all valid.

You don't need a label to define yourself.
Ed, Activist

Supporting a friend with their sexuality

If you want to support a friend with their sexuality:

  • be visible in your support for the LGBTIQA+ community. This is called being an ally
  • learning as much as you can about the experiences/challenges faced by the LGBTIQA+ community
  • join part of a movement for change. Many organisations campaign for LGBTIQA+ equality and you can help them campaign and spread the word
  • call out discrimination when you see/hear it
queer love and friendship is magical @mynameiswednesday.png

YoungMinds Crisis Messenger

Provides free, 24/7 text support for young people across the UK experiencing a mental health crisis.

All texts are answered by trained volunteers, with support from experienced clinical supervisors.

Texts are free from EE, O2, Vodafone, 3, Virgin Mobile, BT Mobile, GiffGaff, Tesco Mobile and Telecom Plus.

Texts can be anonymous, but if the volunteer believes you are at immediate risk of harm, they may share your details with people who can provide support.

Text: YM to 85258

Opening times: 24/7


Provides information and support for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) young people. Information on confidentiality here.

Specialised information for young people available here.

Phone: 0800 0502020

Email: [email protected]

Opening times: 9:30am - 4:30pm, Monday - Friday


A mental health service run by and for lesbians, gay, bisexual, trans and queer people with experience of mental health issues.

Instant web chat service also available (hours vary).

Runs in-person peer support groups in Brighton.

Email: [email protected]

Phone: 01273 234 839


A dedicated LGBT+ anti-violence charity.

Gives advice and support to people who have experienced biphobia, homophobia, transphobia, sexual violence or domestic abuse.

Phone: 0800 999 5428 (National LGBT+ Domestic Abuse Helpline)

Email: [email protected]

Opening times: 10am - 5pm, Monday - Friday (Open until 8pm on Wednesdays and Thursdays)

Albert Kennedy Trust

Supports LGBTQ+ young people aged 16-25 in the UK who are facing or experiencing homelessness, or living in a hostile environment.

You can refer yourself online to arrange a face-to-face appointment with a member of staff in their Bristol, London, Manchester or Newcastle centres.

Offers free webchat service.


Offers confidential support and advice to members of the LGBT+ community.

Free webchat service also available.

Phone: 0300 330 0630

Email: [email protected]

Opening times: 10am - 10pm, 365 days a year

The Mix

Offers support to anyone under 25 about anything that’s troubling them.

Email support available via their online contact form.

Free 1-2-1 webchat service available.

Free short-term counselling service available.

Phone: 0808 808 4994

Opening times: 4pm - 11pm, seven days a week

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