What is bulimia?
Bulimia is an eating disorder where you get into a cycle of urges to overeat and then make yourself sick to try to control your weight.
People with bulimia may have previously suffered from anorexia.
You may feel that parts of your life are out of control, and that purging or restricting calories gives you a sense of control.
Bulimia can seriously damage your body, so it's important to get help and find other ways of coping.
Although it's a serious condition, there's lots of help available.
The symptoms of bulimia
You may experience short- and long-term effects on your body, as well as emotional and behavioural symptoms:
- thinking obsessively about your weight
- binge eating
- exercising too much
- isolating yourself
- feeling helpless
- poor sleep
- low mood
- losing interest in things and people.
Physical symptoms may also include:
- sore throat
- bad teeth (from vomiting)
- heart problems
- muscle spasms
- swollen glands
- some weight loss
- change in periods
- feeling weak and tired
- stomach cramps
- weight swings
Just because you experience one or more of these symptoms, it doesn’t mean you’re definitely affected by bulimia. It’s important to talk to your GP to get a full diagnosis.
What to do about bulimia
Take the first step – talk to someone you like and trust, like a teacher, relative, counsellor or friend. It's really important to get help quickly because bulimia can cause long-term damage to your body. Remember, bulimia can happen to anyone and is not your fault.
You should also see your GP. They may offer to refer you to Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS), an expert or a psychiatrist who can help you.
Treatment depends on how serious your condition is.
Your treatment may involve 1:1 talking therapy, family therapy and working with a dietitian to help you gradually return to healthy eating habits.
You'll be supported to make sure you're getting enough to eat and learn what your healthy weight should be. You may also be offered medication if psychological treatments do not help.
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