ADHD and mental health
Struggling to concentrate, having too much energy or not being able to easily control your behaviour are some of the symptoms of ADHD. Find out more about ADHD and how to get help.
Do you struggle to concentrate sometimes? Or ever feel like you have too much energy – more than other people? Maybe you find it difficult to control your behaviour in some situations?
If that sounds like you, you might be experiencing symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder – usually called ADHD. This condition can make it tricky for you to focus at school or work. You’re not alone and there’s plenty of support out there, so read on to learn more and find out how to get help.
What is ADHD?
ADHD is a condition where you have lots of energy and have difficulty concentrating. You might also find it hard to control what you say and do. For example, you might speak without thinking first, or find that you do things on impulse.
Symptoms usually start very early life, before the age of six. We don't know exactly what causes ADHD but experts think it might run in families, or it could be to do with the way the chemicals in your brain work. But you might start to experience ADHD-like symptoms if you’ve had a difficult experience.
Another condition called ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) has similar symptoms to ADHD, but you don’t feel as hyperactive. For people with ADD, the main problem they have is difficulty concentrating.
The symptoms of ADHD
- Feeling restless or fidgety
- Talking a lot and interrupting others
- Becoming easily distracted
- Finding it hard to concentrate
- Saying or doing things without thinking
If you experience any of these symptoms above, it doesn’t mean you definitely have ADHD. But if any of them are affecting your everyday life, you should do something about it.
What to do if you think you might have ADHD
Talk to someone you like and trust. This could be a teacher, a relative, a counsellor or one of your friends.
Talk to your GP. Tell them how you’re feeling and they can suggest ways to help. They may offer to refer you to the child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS).
You don’t need to do a test to find out if you have ADHD. Instead, you’ll talk to an expert such as a psychiatrist or specialist paediatrician (young person’s doctor) to find out the best way to help.
How to treat ADHD
There are various types of treatment that can help you deal with ADHD.
- Medication: Many young people tell us they find medication really helpful because it makes it easier for them to focus and concentrate.
- Therapy: Through therapy, such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) or psychotherapy, you can learn practical ways to manage your behaviour and cope better with everyday situations. You might also be offered the option of group therapy.
- Counselling: Talk together with your family and a counsellor about how to deal with things in your daily life.
- Educational support: You can get specialist help to make your time at school easier to manage.
ADHD and your mental health
ADHD can leave you feeling out of control. People might not understand what you’re going through and could think you are acting out or being difficult, or criticise and punish you unnecessarily. This can make you feel isolated, and depressed, or it can lead to feelings of low self-esteem. It can really help to talk to your friends, family and teachers about how you feel, and ways they can support you. Let them know what you find helpful and what you don’t so that they can do their best to help.
Different things work for different people. You could try the following to see if they help:
- Cut down on drugs and alcohol
- Limit screen time and sports in the evening
- Avoid taking stimulant medication (or caffeine) after 4pm
- Get enough sleep
- Eat a health balanced diet
Where to get help
YoungMinds Crisis Messenger
- Provides free, 24/7 crisis support across the UK if you are experiencing a mental health crisis
- If you need urgent help text YM to 85258
- All texts are answered by trained volunteers, with support from experienced clinical supervisors
- Texts are free from EE, O2, Vodafone, 3, Virgin Mobile, BT Mobile, GiffGaff, Tesco Mobile and Telecom Plus.
- If you're under 19 you can confidentially call, email or chat online about any problem big or small
- Freephone 24h helpline: 0800 1111
- Sign up for a childline account on the website to be able to message a counsellor anytime without using your email address
- Chat 1:1 with an online advisor
- A place for you to get advice and information about counselling in the UK, if you're aged 12-25.
- If you're under 25 you can talk to The Mix for free on the phone, by email or on their webchat. You can also use their phone counselling service, or get more information on support services you might need.
- Freephone: 0808 808 4994 (13:00-23:00 daily)